What is the difference between PCOD and PCOS? : Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

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What is the difference between PCOD and PCOS?
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While having a similar name, PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) differs from PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) in a few ways. With PCOD, the ovaries begin to release immature eggs, which create hormonal imbalances and other symptoms including enlarged ovaries, whereas, in PCOS, endocrine problems cause the ovaries to generate too much androgen, which increases the risk of cystic ovulation. This is the major difference between PCOD and PCOS.

What is PCOD?

With PCOD, also known as polycystic ovarian disease, a woman’s ovaries regularly produce immature or partially formed eggs, which later turn into ovarian cysts. As a result, the ovaries produce more androgen, which can lead to unwanted weight gain, hair loss, and irregular menstruation periods. Adjusting your lifestyle and eating habits can help you manage PCOD.

What is PCOS?

During her reproductive years, a woman with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) will have a hormonal imbalance (between ages 12 and 51). High levels of male hormones can result in a woman missing her period, having irregular ovulation that makes it challenging to conceive, and simultaneously experiencing abnormal hair growth on her body and face. Over time, this could lead to the development of diabetes and heart disease. PCOS is a serious medical condition that needs to be addressed surgically or with the right medical attention.

Although, there’s a little difference between PCOD and PCOS, according to their full forms. However, in some way or another both of them are different from each other.

What are the typical PCOS/PCOD symptoms and signs?

While some women become aware of their symptoms around the time of their first period, others wait until they have gained a lot of weight or are having trouble getting pregnant before they do. The most prevalent signs of PCOD or PCOS in females are as follows:

  • Abnormal menstruation (Oligomenorrhea)
  • Absence of menstruation or skipped periods (Amenorrhea)
  • Extreme menstrual bleeding (Menorrhagia)
  • Excessive development of hair (face, body – including on back, belly, and chest)
  • Acne (facial, chest, and upper back)
  • Gaining weight (Obesity)
  • Hair fall (hair on the scalp turns out to be thinner and falls out)
  • Skin coloration (In the groin, under the breasts, and neck)

However, these symptoms are common in both PCOS and PCOD. Hence, it is difficult to know the difference between PCOD and PCOS.

What are the causes of PCOS/PCOD?

There is no recognized cause for PCOS/PCOD. There is proof that genetics are involved. A number of other variables, chief among them obesity, also contribute to PCOS/PCOD development:

  • Higher concentrations of androgens (the male hormones): Your ovaries can’t release eggs when your levels of androgen are high, which results in irregular menstruation cycles. Little, fluid-filled sacs might form on your ovaries as a result of irregular ovulation. In women, high androgen also contributes to acne and excessive hair growth.
  • Insulin resistance: Your ovaries produce and release male hormones when your insulin levels rise (androgens). Elevated male hormones prevent ovulation and are a factor in other PCOS symptoms. Your body processes glucose (sugar) and uses it as fuel with the aid of insulin. Although not all people with insulin resistance have high blood sugar or diabetes, insulin resistance can cause diabetes. Being overweight or obese might also increase the risk of developing insulin resistance. A high insulin level may indicate insulin resistance even if your blood sugar is within the normal range.
  • Low-grade inflammation: PCOS/PCOD sufferers frequently have low-grade inflammation. Your doctor can perform blood tests to detect white blood cell counts and C-reactive protein (CRP) to determine how much inflammation is present in your body.

What is the best possible treatment for PCOS/PCOD?

The focus of PCOD/PCOS treatment is on managing your unique symptoms, such as irregular periods, obesity, infertility, acne, or hirsutism. You may begin the treatment for the same by making changes in lifestyle, such as diet, exercise, and weight loss. This comprises:

  • Use medication to control menstruation in order to treat hormonal dysregulation and insulin resistance
  • By oral medications and injections, ovulation induction (the quality and quantity of the ovulation) is accomplished.
  • Using fertility medications to treat infertility
  • Reducing uncontrollable hair growth
  • Treatments for acne and skin discoloration
  • The removal of androgen-producing tissue from the ovaries during ovarian drilling, a laparoscopic procedure, is utilized in PCOS patients who have not responded to hormonal therapy.

With the help of a proper lifestyle and diet, you can alleviate the causes and symptoms. However, there is no major difference between PCOD and PCOS in terms of treatment.

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Difference between PCOD and PCOS

PCOD is a kind of common disorder amongst the women population, whereas PCOS is a serious medical condition that occurs rarely.

While PCOD is a condition in which ovaries produce eggs that are partially mature, usually this happens due to poor lifestyle, whereas PCOS is a condition in which ovaries stop releasing eggs, usually this happens due to metabolic disorder.

In PCOD, the fertility of the women is not affected much i.e. with little help pregnancy issues can be resolved. In PCOS, the fertility of the women is affected highly, resulting in hard-to-get-pregnant conditions. However, if conceived there may be a risk of premature birth, miscarriage, or any other complications during pregnancy.

The difference between PCOD and PCOS can also be determined by the severity of the case. If more severe complications are observed then probably it’s PCOS or else PCOD. However, the difference between PCOD and PCOS cannot be determined accurately but PCOD can be termed as PCOS while PCOS cannot be termed as PCOD.

Conclusion

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is a rare disease that occurs to very few women while PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) may affect more women. Nonetheless, both of these syndromes will affect the ovary production and hormones. They might get treated with a common treatment procedure. If diagnosed with PCOD then immediately consult a gynec to prevent further uncertainties.

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